Kholood Khair

Sudan policy and political analyst

Region(s): Africa
Country of focus: Sudan
Based in Sudan-UK


Current Occupation: Sudan policy and political analyst
Organization/Institution: Confluence Advisory think tank
Language: English, Arabic


Sudan conflict: At least 40 killed in Darfur as UN representative Volker Perthes steps down France24 Sep 14, 2023

Sudan’s armed forces fails to protect civilians during air raids: Activists Al Jazeera Sep 13, 2023

War in Sudan Civilian Protection Podcast Sep 4, 2023

Sudan’s army chief warns that the country will be fragmented if the deadly conflict is not resolved AP Aug 31, 2023

‘Political ploy’: Activists, experts rubbish RSF’s Sudan peace proposal Al Jazeera Aug 30, 2023

Sudan power struggle risks turning into civil war Financial Times podcast Jul 27, 2023

Russia hits out at west for pressing African leaders to miss St Petersburg summit Financial Times Jul 26, 2023

100 days of fighting in Sudan and no peace in sight: What to know Al Jazeera Jul 24, 2023

‘I’m coming to kill you’: Life as a hostage of Sudan’s Rapid Support Forces Middle East Eye Jul 8, 2023

Genocide all over again? The Economist Jul 6, 2023

Under siege in Sudan, Darfur faces genocide The World PRI Jun 26, 2023

How to end the conflict in Sudan? Inside Story Al Jazeera Jun 26, 2023

Sudan’s Civil Conflict Spreads South as Peace Talks Falter Bloomberg Jun 23, 2023

As Sudan war rages, rival sides accused of looting, diverting aid Al Jazeera Jun 16, 2023

Sudan’s rapid decline into war evokes Somalia’s catastrophic collapse Washington Post Jun 9, 2023

Sudan fighting intensifies despite US sanctions AFP Jun 2, 2023

The Conflict in Sudan: Will the Humanitarian Ceasefire Translate to a Political Resolution? Arab Center Washington DC Jun 1, 2023

The battle for Sudan The Foreign Desk Monocle May 27, 2023

Tenuous ceasefire in Sudan offers some needed relief PBS Newshour May 23, 2023

Sudan Update Jadaliyya Connections May 22, 2023

Sudan war lays bare ‘fault lines’ between capital and periphery AFP May 17, 2023

Sudan crisis: Jeddah agreement followed almost immediately by fighting Middle East Eye May 12, 2023

Air strikes and guerrilla fighting: The tactics deployed by Sudan’s warring sides Middle East Eye May 9, 2023

How the democratic hopes of the Sudan Spring went so horribly wrong The Washington Post May 7, 2023

United Nations aid chief in Sudan amid talk of ceasefire CNN May 4, 2023

Too big to fail Washington Post May 2, 2023

Growing difficulties evacuating from Sudan amid the armed conflict FRANCE 24 Apr 30, 2023

Sudanese struggle to survive as food and basic supplies run low AFP Apr 29, 2023

The World Backed Two Generals, and Put Sudan on the Path to War Bloomberg Apr 28, 2023

Sudanese left behind as foreign states evacuate citizens Al Jazeera Apr 26, 2023

What the World Should Know About Sudan The Nation Apr 25, 2023

Sudan ‘resistance’ activists mobilize as crisis escalates Al Jazeera Apr 22, 2023

What role do outside players have in the war in Sudan? Video Inside Story Al Jazeera Apr 21, 2023

World leaders emboldened Sudan’s warring generals: analysts AFP in France 24, Apr 21, 2023

Refugees Flee Sudan Violence as Global Alarm Grows Bloomberg Apr 21, 2023

Sudan turmoil: Gunfire interrupts prayer calls as bloody Eid begins Middle East Eye Apr 21, 2023

The soft-power campaign of Sudan’s RSF leader ‘Hemedti’ Al Jazeera Apr 20, 2023

Sudan’s Generals Dined With Peace Negotiators, Then Started a War New York Times Apr 19, 2023

Death match: Sudan’s warring generals ‘are in this to the bitter end’ Video France 24 Apr 19, 2023

Civilians caught in crossfire as rival factions battle for control of Sudan PBS Newshour Apr 17, 2023

In Sudan, a Deadly Reckoning for Rival Forces New Lines Magazine Apr 17, 2023

On the ground as deadly clashes rock Sudan CNN Apr 17, 2023

74 civilians killed in Sudan as military and rival group fight for control Washington Post Apr 16

Sudan:fierce battles in Khartoum BBC News Hour Apr 16, 2023

DW speaks to Kholood Khair in Khartoum Audio Deutsche Welle Apr 16, 2023

Sudan crisis: Shock and anger in Khartoum, a city not used to war BBC Apr 16, 2023

UN World Food Programme halts Sudan operations as fighting continues The Guardian Apr 16, 2023

Heavy gunfire, blasts heard in Sudan’s capital Khartoum Al Jazeera Apr 15, 2023

At least 25 killed amid clashes between rival military factions in Sudan The Guardian Apr 15, 2023

Airstrikes reported in Sudanese capital; paramilitary group claims to seize palace Washington Post Apr 15, 2023

Could standoff in Sudan turn into a civil war? Al Jazeera Inside Story Apr 14, 2023

Sudan transition deal stalls again as military delays and holds onto power Middle East Eye Apr 6, 2023

Sudan simmers as Burhan-Hemeti rivalry threatens to boil over Middle East Eye Mar 30, 2023

Sudan’s Feared Paramilitary Leader Tries to Launder His Image, With Western Help DAWN Mar 29, 2023

As Sudan’s rival forces vie for power, who pays the price? Al Jazeera Mar 21, 2023

A Plague O’ Both Your Houses: The False Dilemma of Sudan’s Elites The Tahir Institute for Middle East Policy Mar 7, 2023

Sudan: All roads lead to Khartoum as Russia, Israel and West vie in game of thrones Middle East Eye Feb 9, 2023

Sudan’s Political Process and Hopes for a Civilian Government Arab Center Washington DC Jan 23, 2023

How young Sudanese are still fighting for democracy The Economist Jan 19, 2023

Africa Matters: Sudan Peace Deal TRT World Jan 07, 2022

After Sudan deals, dissenters say military has silenced them Al Jazeera Dec 28, 2022

Sudanese security forces tear-gas pro-democracy protesters Al Jazeera Dec 19, 2022

Distrust mars deal to relaunch Sudan’s transition Reuters Dec 15, 2022

A political compromise offers renewed promise of realizing Sudanese aspirations Arab News Dec 11, 2022

Sudan’s military signs new agreement with pro-democracy groups Video Al Jazeera Inside Story Dec 6, 2022

‘Repeating cycle’: Protesters decry Sudan agreement Al Jazeera Dec 6, 2022

Interview Kholood Khair Does Sudan’s power-sharing deal meet the demands of protesters? TRT World Now Dec 6, 2022

Is the end of military rule in Sudan imminent? Al Jazeera Inside Story podcast Dec 6, 2022

Sudan Military and Pro-Democracy Coalition Sign Peace Deal New York Times Dec 5, 2022

Sudan’s generals, pro-democracy group sign deal to end crisis Associated Press Dec 5, 2022

‘Repeating cycle’: Protesters decry Sudan agreement Al Jazeera Dec 5, 2022

Sudan’s difficult path to democratic transition Deutsche Welle Nov 18, 2022

All Eyes on Sudan: Putin, Biden, and the Fight for Democracy World Affairs On Shifting Ground Podcast Nov 14, 2022

Protests in Sudan a year after military coup The World Oct 25, 2022

Demonstrators brace for violence ahead of Sudan protest march Al Jazeera Oct 24, 2022

Team Biden Balks on Africa Sanctions Foreign Policy Oct 20, 2022

Sudan’s Military Coup: One Year On Video panel The Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy Oct 18, 2022

A Big Picture View on the Conflicts and Crises in the Horn of Africa  Crisis Group  The Horn Podcast Oct 13, 2022

Helping Put Sudan’s Democratic Transition Back on Track Foreign Policy Research Institute Oct 3, 2022

Sudan coup leader bids to co-opt pro-democracy movement Al Jazeera Sep 27, 2022

Opposition skeptical of concession by Sudan military leader Al-Monitor Jul 5, 2022

The Muddled Diplomacy of Sudan’s Tripartite Mechanism Arab Center Jun 17, 2022

Growing number of African youth want to move abroad – survey Africa News Jun 13, 2022

Our friends didn’t die in vain’: Sudan’s activists aim to topple military regime Guardian May 28, 2022

Protesters remain in Sudan’s prisons as dialogue is postponed Al Jazeera May 10, 2022

The world has plenty of wheat. Putin still uses it as a weapon. Washington Post May 6, 2022

Sudan’s intensifying crackdown on pro-democracy protests The New Arab May 6, 2022

Inflation bites hardest in developing world as Ukraine war raises prices Guardian Apr 29, 2022

Six months since coup, Sudan promises to keep up democracy fight Al Jazeera Apr 25, 2022

Russia, Wagner Group expand ties with Sudan Al-Monitor Apr 13, 2022

Africa Matters: Sudan After Bashir TRT Apr 9, 2022

Many African countries have been hesitant to take sides in Russia-Ukraine conflict NPR Mar 23, 2022

Sudan resistance groups lay out charter for democratic transition  Al-Monitor Mar 9, 2022

Sudan’s Security Forces Kill Protesters as U.S. Diplomats’ Visit Nears New York Times Jan 18, 2022

Why Won’t Biden Support Sudan’s Democracy Movement? Foreign Policy Jan 7, 2022

Writing on the wall: Why Hamdok exit was only a ‘matter of time’ Al Jazeera Jan 3, 2022

A revolutionary movement for democracy has taken hold in Sudan, led by young people NPR Dec 26, 2021

Three years into Sudan’s ‘endless revolution,’ hope slides toward despair Washington Post Dec 20, 2021

Including the Sudanese Street in Political Processes Analysis Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy Dec. 20, 2021

Guardians of the revolution: The street activists defying Sudan’s coup The New Humanitarian Dec 14, 2021

Did deal ending Sudan coup leave Sudanese out of the picture? Christian Science Monitor Dec 14, 2021

The Battle for Khartoum Exposes Waning U.S. Influence  Foreign Policy Dec 3, 2021

Will Biden Put Pressure on Sudan? The American Prospect Nov 29, 2021

Sudan still ‘at mercy of military’ after PM returns: experts AFP Nov 22, 2021

Sudan’s military reinstated the civilian prime minister. But post-coup turmoil could deepen.  Washington Post Nov 21, 2021

Kholood Khair: mass rallies in Khartoum in support of civilian government DW News TV interview Oct 21, 2021

Sudan’s coup is on shaky ground Al Jazeera Opinion Nov 19, 2021

Sudan’s democratic transition at a crossroads Al Jazeera Sep 2, 2021

Kholood Khair (@KholoodKhair) is founding director of Confluence Advisory,  a policy ‘think-and-do’ tank based in Khartoum, Sudan. She is a policy and political analyst, current events commentator and radio broadcaster.

She hosts and co-produces a weekly radio program, Spotlight 249 on Capital FM in Sudan, that is aimed primarily at young people. Season one episodes included dialogue and debate on peace-building, economic reform, the environment, transitional justice and refugee protection.

Kholood has extensive field experience in coordinating, managing, and implementing humanitarian and development programmes during and after conflict. She is experienced in projects aimed at fostering dialogue, building democracy and improving women’s rights.

After the 2019 popular uprising in Sudan, Kholood served as senior advisor on a project of Switzerland’s Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue to support a peaceful and inclusive transition. Earlier she worked for the British Council in Khartoum supporting citizen-state engagement programming across Sudan. She was a consultant with UN Women in Sudan on action plans and on reports about violence, particularly against women and girls.

Kholood has two master’s degrees, one in African Studies from the University of Oxford and one in Violence, Conflict and Development from SOAS University of London.

She has forged a relationship between Sudan’s National Records Office and the British Library, London, and voluntarily manages a project to conserve and digitize important Sudanese history.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, she has volunteered her skills in project management, coordination and strategy to Sudan’s ministry of health and other key agencies in coordination with the Prime Minister’s Office.

She writes opinion pieces for Al Jazeera English and other publications and has appeared in AJ English, DW English, France 24 English, TRT World, The New York Times, Washington Post,  as well as on international radio in English: BBC, RFI, NPR and The World.